THE INFLUENCE OF POOR TEACHER-STUDENT RELATIONSHIP ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL BIOLOGY STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OJO LOCAL GOVERNMENT

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ABSTRACT

The topic of this study is the influence of poor teacher-student relationship on the Academic performance of senior secondary school biology students’ education district v, Ojo zone of Lagos state.

The study intended to determine the extent to which teachers punish and react towards students in the class whenever their attention is needed by them, the extent to which teachers reinforce the students in the classroom, the extent to which teachers allow students freedom in the Class and the extent to which teachers use leisure time to engage the students in a friendly chat. The data used for the study were obtained by the use ofstructured questionnaire.

The study adopted random sampling techniques using a sample size of 250 students from the 5 selected government secondary and 10 teachers. The population for this study consists of two hundred and sixty (260). The Sampling technique used in this study was a simple random sampling technique.

It was established that teachers have an important role in developing, nurturing, and maintaining other relationships with their students. Teachers are required to foster positive relationships with their students to create a conducive environment (classroom) for teaching and learning activities and also meet students’ developmental, emotional, and academic needs, since students who are in the position to enact supportive relationships with positive attitudes as well as positive academic “outcomes” such as higher grades

The researcher, therefore, recommended that mentorship should be encouraged in school so that mentors will know and meet the needs of the students and hence encourage and improve the relationship between the teachers and students, qualified and sound-minded teachers should be employed in order to develop, nurture and maintain good relationship between the teachers and students, seminar or workshop should be organized at least once or twice in a year for teachers in order to enlighten them more on how to relate, communication and associate with their students, teachers should try and reinforce their students positively whenever they answer questions correctly or wrongly.

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgements iv

Abstract v

Table of Contents vi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem 5

1.3 Purpose of Research 5

1.4 Research Question 6

1.5 Hypothesis 6

1.6  Significance of the Study 7

1.7 Scope of the Study 8

1.8 Limitation of the Study 8

1.9 Operational Definition of Terms 8

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Conceptual Framework 10

2.2 Theoretical Framework 20

2.3 Empirical Framework 28

2.4 Summary of Appraisal of Related Literature 30

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0 Introduction 32

3.1 Research Design 32

3.2 Study Population 32

3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique 33

3.4 Instrument for Data Collection 33

3.4.1 Validation of the Instrument 34

3.4.2 Reliability of the Instrument 34

3.4.3 Procedure for Data Collection 34

3.4.5 Statistics for Data Analysis 34

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Data presentation 36

4.2 Discussion of Findings 43

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • Summary 45

5.2 Conclusion 45

5.3 Recommendation 47

References 48

Appendix 51

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study of  Poor Teacher-Student Relationship

Education is a preparation for life, this is related to the acquisition of skills to earn a living. Today as always, the definition of education is the ever change and increasing in scope. Our schools are confronted with new pressures arising from changing needs with students; societal expectation, economic changes and technological advancement are to look into. Nevertheless, if education program is to be planned and if efforts for continued improvement are to be made, it is very necessary to have some conception that the goal that are being aimed at these educational objectives become a criteria by which material are selected, content is outline, instructional procedures are developed and human resources are also considered.

Biology has been acknowledged as a pre-requisite for the study of several courses in the universities. For examples medicine and other applied science courses need biology. Biology education is generally aimed at equipping the individual learner with such knowledge, skills and attitude that will enable them live a meaningful development of the social economic and cultural benefits (NERDC, 2006).

Science as a body of knowledge is acquired through systematic and procedural processes bared on tentative observation and experiment. In the sight of the above, science may be viewed as a way of thinking in the pursuit of understanding nature, a way of investigating and a body of established knowledge.

Biology as a branch of science is derived from two Greek words; Bio which means life and logo means study. Biology therefore means the study of life or living things. It is the branch of science which investigates the origin, structure, function and distribution of life in all its forms. (Jordan and Verma, 2009).

Abugu (2007) stated that biology is a natural science in which we study living organisms-plants and animals. Furthermore Iloeje (2011) viewed Biology as the science in which we study living things. Based on the above statement, man lives in a novel world, there are animals, plants, rivers, oceans, deserts, mountains, and so on, round him. Being a curious being, man takes delight in exploring his world, seeks to have a world view of the universe strives to investigate all matter around their origin, nature, characteristics and other features, the inquiry, he asks a lot of questions and in his search for answers to such questions, he needs to be systematic and unbiased.

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Receiving a quality education is an important corner stone in the lives of every individual. It is important that students have the tools they need to be successful tools that include motivation and engagement. For some students, motivation is not always intrinsic. It therefore falls to others to guide student along the path to their own education. As teachers spend an incredible amount of time with their students over the course of the Year. It is a teacher’s responsibility to foster an inclination for learning. Research has indicates that the relationship between teachers and students is an important predictor of academic engagement and achievement. In fact the most powerful weapon teachers have, when trying to foster a favorable learning climate, is positive relationship with their students.

A sizeable literature and some other scholarly article suggest that if teachers take the time to build relationships they can motivate their students to learn. Further research also suggests that teachers need to have a strong belief that building relationships are important to the motivation process. There is need to capitalize on their belief for the students benefits. It is important that educators recognize the impact the have on their students and consider strongly their students perceptions of them (Eschanmann, 2009). Teachers have to ensure that they are meeting student’s needs, both academically and emotionally.

One of the most pure and deeply inspirational relationships is that of a devoted teacher and willing students. Almost everyone has a favorite and those we liked less; it totally depends on how the student teacher relationships were developed, natured and given space to evolve. (Kim Lee, 2016). Aligned with the attachment theory, positive teacher students enable the students to feel secure and safe in their learning environment and provide scaffolding for local and academic skills. However, inability of the teacher to develop and from positive relationship with his/her students serves as one of the factors that influences and hinders the students from performing very well in their academics. For instance, in the area of biology, it is been regarded as the subject for females, just few male have the courage to study this course (biology, it there is no experienced and qualified teacher that can handle and interact with this student they will find it difficult to learn and even concentrate during the course of the study since they have natural hatred for the subject (biology). According to Hughes (2011), teachers may find it challenging to establish positive relationships with students who display on overly confident demeanor. Teachers tend to view students as deliberately non-compliant and are apt to react harshly.

According to Whitaker (2013), the main variable in the classroom is not the student, but the teacher great teachers have high expectations for their students, but even higher expectations of themselves. These teachers recognize the importance of connecting with their students that if they are unable to connect with them emotionally then influencing their minds may be impossible. Good teachers put snags in the river of children passing by and over time, the redirect hundreds of lives There is an innocence that conspires to hold humanity together. (Bolman AND BIRCH 2007, P. 124). Whitaker (2013) suggests that teachers are the first and perhaps most important point in a students life. Lavioies (2010) book. The motivation breakthrough: 6 secrets to turning on the turned out child he told the story of an inflexible teacher arguing the need for passive instruction and in passive learning. The teacher contended that his job was to provide his students with information. He continued his passiveness by arguing those who did not want to learn could sit at the back and sleep. The teachers final comment that is not my problem I am a teacher not his cheer leader suggest that there are teachers who still have a misunderstanding of their roles in the classroom (Whitaker, 2013). A good teacher that has a great ambition for his/her students does not only teach, but ensures that the students concentrate and understands what he/she thought them.

According to Olumba (2013), the educational aims cannot be actualized if there is a poor relationships between the teacher and their students. Bringing the aims of education to reality depends on the orientation of teachers and the students in the educational system because good education required trained and committed teachers who will carry the students along with them to achieve the educational goals.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The school system generally in in education district v, Ojo zone of Lagos state has been associated with poor academic performance, formation of perpetual hatred to teachers, bad gangs by students and neglect of some subjects which gave rise to serious problems for the realization of educational objectives. In the sigh of the above problems, the researcher therefore intend to carry out this study in order to find out the extent to which poor teacher students relationship has influenced the academic achievement of senior secondary school biology student in education district v, Ojo zone of Lagos state

1.3 Purpose of Research on Poor Teacher-Student Relationship

The main purpose of this study was to find the influence of poor teacher-students relationships on academic achievement of senior secondary school biology students in education district v, Ojo zone of Lagos state. The study intends to find out:

  • The extent to which teachers punish and react towards students in the class whenever their attention is needed by them.
  • The extent to which teacher students relationship can be encourage in   the classroom.
  • The extent to which teachers reinforce the students in their classroom.
  • The extent to which teachers allow student freedom in the class.
  • The extent to which teachers use leisure time to engage the student in a friendly chat.
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1.4 Research Question on Influence of Poor Teacher-Student Relationship

The following questions were formulated to guide the study;

  1. In what ways do teachers punish and react towards students in the class whenever their attention is needed by them?
  2. To what extent can we encourage students-teachers relationships in the classroom?
  • To what extent do teachers reinforce the students in their class?
  1. To what extent do teachers allow students freedom in their class?

To what extent do teachers use leisure time to engage the students in a class

1.5 Hypothesis

HO1.   There is no significant relationship between teacher’s student relationship and their performance in biology academically

HO2.     There is no significant relationship between teacher’s student relations and the learning and retention of biology concepts in senior secondary schools

HO3   There is no significant relationship between student’s gender and the performance of students in biology.

 

1.6  Significance of the Study

The finding of this study will be of benefit and also will go a long way in helping all stakeholders of education which includes teachers, students, parents, educational planners, private organizations schools and entire system of education.

Teachers will benefit when there is an improvement in the relationship between the teachers and the students because it will serve as a sense of direction to them by helping them to understand and know the reason why students perform below standards academically. Also if the students perform very well the teachers will as well be rewarded.

Students will benefit when there is a cordial relationship between them and their teacher. More knowledge will be acquired because when there is cordial relationship the students can always go to their teacher and relate their problems to them and more emphasis will be laid on it. Also some students learns better when things are explained to them more outside the school or classroom. So when there is cordial relationship student will learn better and achieve better academically.

Parents will benefit because their wards been the students will learn better and achieve better or very well academically because parents always have great joy whenever their wards perform very well or do very well academically and also in school activities.

Educational planners will benefit when there is improvement in the relationship between students and their teacher because the educational goal that the educational planners set out will be achieved since their intention is for the schools to achieve the aims, goals and objectives, once there is positive relationship between the teachers and students, the educational goals will not only be achieved the society will have fruitful and intelligent graduates.

Private organization will benefit from improved relationship between the teacher and students because the school produces qualified and intelligent students that will be fruitful to the society as they have related very well with their teachers and perform very well in their academics. The private organizations will enjoy them (students) that graduate from schools because they will be focused, committed and dedicated in their work when they are employed.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The research was carried out in five randomly selected senior secondary school in education district v, Ojo zone of Lagos state with 50 students and 2 teachers per school..

1.8 Limitation of the Study

The study was limited to five randomly selected senior secondary school due to time limit for the study and financial constraints

1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

TEACHER : A teacher is a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence or virtue. Informally the role of teacher may be taken on by anyone

 

STUDENT: A student is primarily a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution and who is under learning with goals of acquiring knowledge, developing professions and achieving employment at desired field.

CONCEPT: This refers to an abstract idea which is used to refer and to describe data.

RESEARCH: Research is creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge.

ENVIRONMENT: the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, especially as affected by human activity.

SECONDARY EDUCATION: Secondary education is the second stage traditionally found in formal education, beginning about age 11 to 13 and ending usually at age 15 to 18. The dichotomy between elementary education and secondary education has gradually become less marked, not only in curricula but also in organization

INFLUENCE: the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself.

VALUE: In ethics, value denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live, or to describe the significance of different actions

RELATIONSHIP: The way in which two or more people or things are connected, or the state of being connected.

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