THE EFFECTS OF PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON THE CHOICE OF CAREER AND ROLES PLAYED IN THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OJO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE.

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THE EFFECTS OF PARENTAL INFLUENCE ON THE CHOICE OF CAREER AND ROLES PLAYED IN THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OJO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE.

ABSTRACT

The study was carried out to identify the effects of parental influence on choice of career and roles played in the academic performance of Secondary school students in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State. A student population of 50 student drawn from five Secondary School in Ojo Local Government Area randomly selected was used for the study to each student questionnaire was administered and answer offered were collated and analysed. The result obtained from the study show that, illiterate parents have little or no time to their children’s education children from educated home background show more interest in education lack of motivation and parents forcing them to do their will. It was also found out that only few students are interested in their parent’s occupation. Discoveries from the study reveals that illiterate parents have no interest in their children academic growth, parents are not a factor influencing the choice of career among their children. Furthermore, there is no significant different between children from educated home towards Education of given the necessary motivation.  This is due to the fact that a consideration number of children live without parental support, as in orphans, children living in the streets, displaced and refused children who on account of the poverty of their parents are subjected to inhuman and sadistic ordeals.  This reduces their desire to learn as it happens frequently in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State.

 TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page.                                                                                                                         i

Certification.                                                                                                                    ii

Dedication.                                                                                                                      iii

Acknowledgement.                                                                                                         iv

Abstract.                                                                                                                          v

Table of contents.                                                                                                           vi

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study 1
  • Statement of the Problems 3
  • Purpose of the Study                                                                         4
  • Research Questions 5
  • Research Hypothesis 5
  • Significance of the Study 6
  • Scope of the Study 6
  • Limitations of the Study 7
  • Operation Definition of Terms 7

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1.      Introduction                                                                                                              9

2.2.      Concept of Career                                                                                                   9

2.2.1.    Why people choice career                                                                                                11

2.2.2.    Factors Influencing Choice of Career                                                                 13

2.2.3.    Needs for Parental Guidance                                                                                15

2.2.4.    How Important the roles of Parents is in the career Guidance Process         16

2.2.5.    Why Parents Influence Career                                                                             18

2.2.6.    Problems Associated with Career Choice                                              19

2.2.7.    Positive Influence of Parents on Career Choice                                                20

2.2.8.   Negative Influence of Parents on Career Choice                                   20

2.2.9.   Historical Overview of Parental Influence on Career Choice              21

2.3.      Theoretical Framework                                                                              22

2.4.      Empirical Literature                                                                                    26

2.4.1.   Parents Expectations and Students Career Choices                               26

2.4.2.   Parents-Child Relationship and Students Career Choices                    28

2.4.3.   Parents Socio Economic Status and Students Career Choices             31

2.4.4.   Parental Support and Students Career Choices                                      35

2.5.      Summary of the Literature                                                                         37

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1        Introduction                                                                                                 39

3.2.       Research Design                                                                                         39

3.3.       Population of the Study                                                                             40

3.4.       Sampling Technique                                                                                  40

3.5.       Research Instruments                                                                                 41

3.6.       Administration of Instruments                                                                 41

3.7.       Validity of Instruments                                                                              41

3.8.        Reliability of Instruments                                                                                    42

3.9.        Method of Data Analysis                                                                         42

CHAPTER FOUR:  DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, INTERPRETATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1.         Introduction                                                                                               43

4.2.         Data Presentation                                                                                     43

4.3.         Testing of Hypothesis                                                                              46

4.4.          Discussion of Findings                                                                           51

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1.           Introduction                                                                                             53

5.2.           Summary of the Study                                                                           53

5.3.           Conclusion                                                                                              53

5.4.            Recommendations                                                                                 54

5.5              Suggestion for Further Research                                                        56

References                                                                                              58

Appendix                                                                                                 60

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background Of The Study

Career play a very fundamental and significant role in the life of the individual not only because they determine the pattern of income but also because they affect the individual personality and concepts in life, career therefore is a choose pursuit, life work or success in one’s profession occupied by a person throughout his/her lifetime.  In a nutshell, career is the totality of work one does in his life time and is person centred it is of utmost importance to every individual as he or she prepares for the future.

Career choice is something very hard to decide, especially as his life will depend on it. Her (2003) indicated that, career is the totality of experience through which one learns about and prepares to engage in work as part of his way of living ‘ Splete (2001) Stress career is an enjoying process that occurs over the life span and includes homes, schools and community. Every human being needs to do one job or the other to help contribute his quote to the development of the country.

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Ipaye (2000) refers to the need for one to discuss with one’s peer school counsellors, parents and teachers on the need to choose a life span work as “career convention” or “career conference”. However, career convention according to him is an instrument of career information. This occurs for a number of reasons, which includes:

  1. To stimulate career thinking and widen occupational horizon.
  2. To focus attention on particular jobs in order to help an individual crystallizes his preference.
  3. To create a situation in which parents can on one hand meet employers and discuss the opportunities they offer and on the other hand meet the career teachers or career officers with whom they can exchange views.

Work experience during industrial training or those experiences acquired during vocational education also aids the students in choice of career. This is a techniques in which students do job under realistic conditions without payment this may help them choose a career to that effect.

James (2004) Observes that the influence home has on the child’s learning is the fundamental concepts of life.   This cause and most of the habits and basic adjustment were established during pre-school years. The highlights the fact that home and parents occupy the most important position in the child’s education. It should be stressed that work experience is not an attempt to find job for the students but an attempt to widen the horizons of students and ease the ultimate transition from school to work. This is usually based on the information given to the school by the parents, such guidance and information are necessary because most school children are adolescents and are controlled by double standards, hypocrisy, truancy, materialism, dishonesty etc. .

The factor that may influence choice of career includes.

  • Socio-economic factors
  • Personal or family factors
  • Cultural factors, which include schools, peer group, age and work experience. The effect of parental influence on choice of career is both negative and positive this is due to: security factors
  • No usual hazards to health
  • Assured steady income
  • Certainty of continued employment
  • Career or occupational satisfaction
  • Prestige
  • Social rewards.

To increase students interest and ability to use his hands and brains, the parents, must be involved to give desired assistance/guidance to the students.

  • Statement Of The Problem

This research is based on the effect of parental influence on the choice of career and roles played in the performance of secondary school students in Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos State. The parents may desire what they think is good or best for their ward.

This may affect the child positively if the child can cope with it but negatively when such a child has other things in mind, which he/she wishes to do. The result of this is that the child may not concentrate on the parents needs and so may not adjust positively towards the career. This sometimes leads to students waywardness, secrete cult involvement, armed robbery and so on. The child may not cope with the parents continual force against his/her will.

The world is marking such drastic demand upon the coming workers every truthful man and woman every teaches and reflecting parents is planning way to fit the students for the life and needs of this new century. This statement which is still relevant today was written by Mejer Bloomfield in his book ‘finding ones place in life in (2007) since the early 2000 career development or vocational guidance at it was then known has increasingly gained more and more attention and respect in essence career counselling is a specialty within the profession of counselling one that fosters vocationally development and work adjustment of individual abilities interest and goals with the work roles structured by the community and occupation organised by companies and assist a developing and deciding individual to make suitable and viable choice why examine the factors affecting career choice on senior secondary school students, in the past and even now for many. It was assumed that on individual going through late adolescent would be developing their independence and slowly eliminating his or her family’s constraints as he or she formed his or her own identity into the larger word in effect the person would make career decision based on his or her own interest research and occupational goals with limited influence from others. Infact even when young adult move away from home, their family will likely still have a strong influence upon them on two significant life events marriage and their career.

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  • Purpose Of The Study

The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the effect of parental influence on the choice of career and roles played in the academic performance of secondary school students in Ojo Local government of Lagos state.

It will as much as possible, try to find out to what extent, the influence of the parent will play on the students choice of career, and whether the influence will always aid the students positively or negatively.

It will also focus on how processing techniques. Learned from  family system can lead to effective career counselling research concerning the impact of a family social economic status has ultimately divided this lack of consensus is partially during 60 the limited research in this particular are as it is rarely the main focus of the students,(Brown, 2001) but also that because of the lack of detail given by the researcher about their participants.

 

  • Research Question

The research question which the study attempt to verify are as follows:

  1. Is student’s choice of career influenced by their peer group?
  2. Does career choice affect the academic performance of students?
  3. Illiterate parents have no influence on their children’s choice of career?

 

  • Research Hypothesis

HO1 There is no significant relationship between students career and influence from their peer group

HO2 There is no significant relationship between academic performance and career choice

HO3 There is no significant relationship between the level of illiteracy among parents of learners and the choice of their career

 

1.6     Significance Of  The Study

The importance of this researcher work is to find to what extent the influence of the parent will affect the student choice of career and the academic performance of students on the subject that would heard them successfully toward this occupation or job as a life span endeavour.

  1. It will enable the research give recommendations to the parents about their children’s response to the advice five to them.
  2. It will enable the researcher make concrete recommendations to the government about the choice of career among students especially now that the rate of unemployment is high.
  3. It will enable the researcher to make recommendation to school administrators.
  4. The findings will also enable the researcher made recommendations for further research on the issue of career prospects.
  5. It will enable the peer and the students community to have an impact on the youth adult expectation and perception of vocation.

 

  • Scope Of The Study

The research study is limited to the effect of parental influence on the choice of career and roles played in the academic performance of secondary school students in Ojo Local government of Lagos state. This research work will cover five randomly selected secondary schools in Ojo Local Government Area. Three public and two private secondary school, the schools are:

  • Community Senior Secondary School, Ojo.
  • Awori Senior College, Ojo
  • Iba Housing Estate Senior Secondary School.
  • Mill Bank Hall Secondary School, Iba.
  • Samuel College, Ojo

 

  • Limitations On The Study

The encounter several limitation in the course of carrying out the study of which are striking balance between our lectures time, exam period. limited time available to visit the places required by this research work. also there is constraints of getting information from the study area because majority of the respondents will not give the needed attention.

 

  • Operational Definition Of Terms
  • CAREER – A chosen pursuit or course of business activity or enterprise, especially one’s professional life or employment that offers advancement and honour.
  • INFLUENCE– The power of acts by which parents or a person has to control the desire of another.
  • CHOICE: An act of choosing between two or more possibility. The right to choose or the possibility of choosing.
  • FACTORS: One of several thing that cause or influence something or somebody to include as particular fact or situation when you are thinking about or planning something.
  • EFFECTIVE: Producing strong feeling of sadness and sympathy.
  • COUNSELLING: This is the process where a troubled or a confused person is helped by a professional to solve his problem and to make better adjustment to his society.
  • GUIDANCE: This is the process of helping the student to understanding himself and his environment in other to develop self defectiveness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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